the history of Juvenile Justice, law homework help

Discussion response needed, needs to seem like a dialogue:

  1. Identify and discuss any one issue that your found interesting in the reading: The History of Juvenile Justice

The issue that stands out most to me is that if a child between the age of 7 to 14 commited a crime and there was an understanding of the actions and an unlawful act that was committed, that child would be held accountable for the crime that was committed. Just by having the ability to know right from wrong was the determining factor in whether the child was going to be held accountable for the crime (American Bar. n.d.). This seems to be an almost impossible situation to be able to figure out if the child is able to understand their actions. One case this almost got the defendant off was, on February 15th 2001, Christopher Pittman, a twelve year old boy at the time was convicted of murdering his grandparents while they slept. The defense was that he was incapable of premeditating this gruesome murder and that he didn’t understand what he was doing at the time. The timeline the prosecution uncovered a timeline of Christopher’s life that told a different story about how capable this young boy really was in premeditated murder (Randall, K. 2005, February 19).

American Bar. (n.d.) The history of juvenile justice. Dialogue on Youth and Justice. p.4-8. Retrieved from…

Randall, K. (2005, February 19). World Socialist Web Site. Retrieved October 26, 2016, from

2.Identify and discuss any one issue that you found interesting in Chapter 80: Youth Gangs.

There are a few programs and control policies that are trying to control and suppress gang membership and gang recruitment. I never knew this much of an attempt was being made in order to control the gang population. With organizations such as Homies Unidos, that attempted to steer individuals out of the gang lifestyle into an alternative way of life. This organization was undermined due to them being treated as active members, which led to a decline in their success rate. Other programs such as Homeboy Industries, offer a variety of services in order to assist former gang members in getting back into the community and becoming productive members with the help of programs such as these (Esbensen et al. 2011).

Esbensen, F., Taylor, T., Carson, D., Matsuda, K., Peterson, D., Freng, A., & Osgood, D. (2011). Evaluation and evolution of the gang resistance education and training (G.R.E.A.T.) program. Journal Of School Violence, 10(1), 53-70. doi:10.1080/15388220.2010.519374

3. Identify and discuss any one issue that you found interesting in Chapter 81: Juvenile Justice.

The individuals that are going through juvenile court are at a disadvantage from the the beginning with the lawyers being utilized are generally public defenders. These attorneys having a predisposal to wanting to “help” their clients instead of advocate for them hinders the defendant from a fair defense. With 8 out of 10 workers thinking the attorney didn’t give adequate representation, the defendant has a low chance of getting a defender that may give ample representation (Lab, S. & Whitehead, J. 2009). The concern for the for the clients was there but with the clients not understanding much about the justice system and their rights, it makes it harder for the defendant to properly go about representing their client to the best of their ability (Lab, S. & Whitehead, J. 2009).

Lab, S. & Whitehead, J. (2009). Juvenile justice. In J. M. Miller 21st Century criminology: A reference handbook (pp. 702-710). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications Ltd. doi: 10.4135/9781412971997.n81

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