Case Study – What is the diagnosis?

Scenarios in the case study address Course Outcomes:
1. Use relevant vocabulary, including anatomical positions, to describe human anatomy and physiology and the role of homeostasis and metabolism in the normal functioning of organ systems.
2. Apply knowledge of the chemical basis of life and biological processes to explain basic cell structure and function as it relates to the development of tissues and organs in anatomy and physiology.
3. Use the scientific method to apply the principles of anatomy and physiology to form hypotheses and draw conclusions related to real-world problems about human systems.
4. Using quantitative reasoning, analyze and interpret vital signs and other diagnostic measurements to make decisions about health status.
Student is presented with a medical case study scenario.
Student will then be asked to create a case study report with 6 content area subheadings. Make sure you answer all the questions comprehensively. Use complete sentences.
1. Diagnosis Name What is the name of the disease/disorder?
2. ExplanationWhat are the reasons for your diagnosis?|
3. Causes/Risk FactorsWhat are some of the factors that put this patient at risk for the disease? What other questions might you have for the patient that would provide you with more data?
. Clinical ManifestationDescribe the clinical features of the disease that are present in the individual.
5. Diagnostic ProceduresWhat types of procedures were done on the patient and what were the results?Are there other diagnostic procedures that you would like to have performed? If so, which ones and why?
6. Treatment
Describe the treatment plan that you would prescribe for this patient.

Patient M is an active woman, 70 years of age, who lost consciousness and collapsed at home. Her daughter, who was visiting her at the time, did not witness the collapse but found her mother on the floor, awake, confused, and slightly short of breath. The daughter estimated that she called EMS within 5 minutes after the collapse, and EMS responded within 10 minutes. EMS evaluated Patient M, drew blood for a glucose level.
On presentation in the emergency department, Patient M is immediately triaged. Because Patient M is still somewhat confused, her daughter is asked to provide information on the patient’s history. The daughter reports that her mother had had an episode of sudden-onset numbness and tingling in the right limb, with slight confusion and slurred speech, 3 days previously. The episode lasted only 5 minutes, and Patient M had not called her primary care physician. Additional information provided by the daughter indicates that Patient M has been treated for hypertension for 10 years but notes that she is often not compliant with her antihypertensive medicine, a diuretic. The patient has never smoked, drinks occasionally, and is of normal weight.
On physical examination, Patient M’s blood pressure is 150/95 mm Hg. She has pain in her left arm and a slight headache. There are slight carotid bruits on the right. She is assessed with use of the NIHSS and found to have left hemiparesis and left visual/spatial neglect. The results of laboratory tests, including a complete blood count, prothrombin time, serum electrolyte levels, cardiac biomarkers, and renal function studies, are all within normal limits. CT of the brain indicates a thrombus in a branch of the right internal carotid artery, with approximately 50% occlusion due to atherosclerosis. There is an area of infarction in the right anterior hemisphere. There is no evidence of a subarachnoid hemorrhage.

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