Conceptual Model

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Conceptual Model

The health believe model conceptual framework focuses on patient compliance and their preventive health care practices. According to the model, a person’s perception of threat posed by a health problem and the value associated with actions aiming to reduce the threat affect their health seeking behaviour (Polit & Beck, 2017). Perceived susceptibility to a health problem, perceived severity of the disease, perceived benefits of the actions that reduce the problem including costs, enabling and modifying factors affect health modification. This model will be used in studying healthy behaviour for weight management and weight reduction among people with overweight and obesity.

Excess weight is related to several health challenges including COVID-19 in the most recent past. According to Mosca et al. (2017), overweight and obesity are related with type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, gall bladder disease, osteoarthritis, breathing problems, and hypertension.

However, despite the presence of indications towards the negative health effects of excess weight there has been reluctance in adopting measures aimed at reducing overweight and obesity including physical exercise and proper nutrition with low intake of fat and carbohydrates (Farnesi et al., 2019). In this research, we investigate whether increasing the knowledge about the negative health effects of overweight and obesity will lead to an increase in physical exercise and proper diet.

Research Question

Does knowledge about the effects of excess body weight on the health of individuals improve their diet and level of physical activity?


Hypothesis: Teaching people the effects of excess body weight on their health will lead to improved diet and increased level of physical activities

Hypothesis 2: An increase in knowledge about the negative consequences of excess body weight will increase measures to maintain a healthy BMI.


Farnesi, B. C., Perez, A., Holt, N. L., Morrison, K. M., Gokiert, R., Legault, L., … & Ball, G. D. (2019). Continued attendance for paediatric weight management: A multicentre, qualitative study of parents’ reasons and facilitators. Clinical obesity, 9(3), e12304.

Mosca, L. N., Goldberg, T. B. L., da Silva, V. N., Kurokawa, C. S., Rizzo, A. C. B., da Silva, C. C., … & Corrente, J. E. (2017). The impact of excess body fat on bone remodelling in adolescents. Osteoporosis International, 28(3), 1053-1062.

Polit, D. & Beck, C. (2017). Nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health. ISBN-13: 978-1496300232

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